Clear Quartz – What Is It And Crystal Quartz Properties

Clear Quartz – What Is It And Crystal Quartz Properties

What Is Clear Quartz? What Is Clear Quartz? Facts about Quartz.
By Ron Windred

Clear Quartz is the most recognized type of crystal and what most people envision when the thought “Crystal” comes to mind. It is also known as Crystal Quartz and Rock Crystal and it is a natural form of silicon dioxide. This stone is considered and referred to world wide as the “Universal Crystal” and “Master Healer”.

crystal quartzClear Quartz Crystal is colourless and transparent (clear) or translucent, ranging through to milky or cloudy almost opaque crystal and is amongst the most common types of crystals on the planet. The dominant mineral in this stone is silicon and Clear Quartz belongs to the trigonal crystal system with a Mohs Hardness of 7. It occurs in a variety of shapes and configurations from massive form to the ideal hexagonal shape terminating in a six-sided pyramid.

Quartz Crystal gets its name from the Greek krystallos, meaning ice, as it was thought that Clear Quartz was actually ice formed by the Gods and the word Quartz is attributed to the German word of Slavic origin Quarz, meaning hard.

The best Clear Quartz specimens have the clarity and shimmer of crystal clear water.

In Australian Aboriginal mythology Quartz Crystal is the material identified as the mystical substance maban (The substance from which the shamans and elders derive their magical powers). Ancient Japanese believed Quartz was formed from the breath of a white dragon, and regarded it as representing perfection.

It was commonly located in passage tomb cemeteries throughout Europe and in burial mounds in the Republic of Ireland. The Irish word for Quartz is grian cloch, meaning ‘stone of the sun’. Quartz implements were also used in prehistoric times. Since earliest times Quartz was commonly used for various types of hard stone carving, including rock crystal vases and extravagant vessels. The tradition continued to produce objects that were very highly valued until the mid-19th century, when it largely fell out of fashion.

Since the middle Ages, crystal balls made of Clear Quartz have been used to predict the future. Historically this crystal has been employed to counter black magic, to communicate with spirits and other worlds, and to perform diagnostic healing.

Quartz Crystal has piezoelectric properties. An early use of this was in phonograph pickups. Today Quartz Crystal is used as a crystal oscillator with the Quartz clock being a familiar example of a device using these properties. It is also employed in many modern technologies to make things like silicon chips for computers, radios and various other man-made devices.

Holding a Clear Quartz Crystal in your hand increases your biomagnetic field. It enhances muscle testing and provides protection against radiation. Dispels static electricity and generates electromagnetism.

Clear Quartz has a very strong vibration and excellent metaphysical properties. It is the easiest crystal to program and may used for a multitude of purposes. It stores information like a natural computer. It is the ultimate crystal because of its many uses.

This crystal embodies The White Ray or Clear White Spiritual Light, and because it radiates all the colour vibrations within the light spectrum it can be utilized and programmed for any use which brings light and energy into our human systems.

A “stone of the mind”, it helps focus the mind, aides concentration and enriches mental ability.

Clear Quartz Crystal is a power stone that harmonizes and balances. It augments energy by absorbing, amplifying, and balancing, storing, retrieving, focusing, transmitting and channelling universal energy and is excellent for unblocking it. A powerfully protective stone, it also purifies on all levels; spiritual, emotional, mental, and physical. Because it directs and amplifies energy it is exceptionally beneficial for manifesting, meditation, and channelling.

Clear Quartz is possibly the most versatile, multipurpose and powerful healing stone available, due to is unique helical spiral crystalline form. It is a master healer that can be used for any and all conditions. It stimulates the immune system, reinstates bodily balance and restores and amplifies energy systems. Cleanses and enhances the organs and subtle bodies and acts as a deep soul cleanser connecting the physical and spiritual dimensions.

Ron is a Crystal and Reiki Master, Metaphysician and Meditation teacher who lives and works at ‘Akasha Keep’; a spiritual centre dedicated to healing and teaching, located in the beautiful Somerset region of Queensland, Australia.

Disclaimer: The metaphysical and healing properties of crystal outlined in this article are for inspiration and reference. These alleged properties are gathered from writings, books, folklore and various other sources. They are dependent upon the attitude and beliefs of the individual. In no way are they meant to replace diagnosis or treatment by a qualified therapist or physician.

For more information on crystal healing http://www.askronandsue.com.au

http://www.mycrystalaura.com.au

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Garnet The Many Colored Gemstone

Garnet The Many Colored Gemstone

Garnet – Its Not Just Red, It’s A Many-Colored Gem
By Chris Ralph

What color is garnet close to?

Garnet color: most people think of a dark red colored gemstone when they think of garnet, but garnet is actually a whole series of different gems. Beyond the well-known deep reds, garnet can be purchased in cinnamon to tangerine shades orange, light yellows, deep purple, grass greens and soft lavender-pink. Garnet is all these colors and many more. Garnets are actually a closely related group of different gemstones that are available in nearly every color. There are garnets that change color in different light, translucent green garnets that look like jade and garnets with stars. Some kinds of garnets have been mined for thousands of years and some garnet varieties were just discovered in the few last decades. Garnets are fairly hard and durable gemstones that are ideal for jewelry use, except for demantoid, which is a bit softer and requires more protection. Because some garnets are inexpensive and have been used in the past for cheap jewelry, garnet is the gemstone which just doesn’t seem to get the “respect” it is due. This is rapidly changing in light of the many new varieties of stunning colors now available in Garnet gems.

Garnets have been used as ornamentation for more than 5,000 years. Garnet beads have been found in Egyptian excavations dating back to 3200 B.C. The breastplate of Aaron, which was worn around 2,000 B.C., is said to have contained a Garnet. The Asians in the 4th century B.C. used Garnets in creating their seals. Frequently Garnets were carved into cameos and intaglios and worn in rings. Carbuncle is an old term which typically referred to a Cabochon Garnet. The back of the Cab was hollowed out to create a brighter Garnet and make it more transparent. The ancient world is full of praise for the carbuncle, the glowing red coal of a gemstone we now know as garnet. The name garnet probably comes from pomegranate. Many ancient pieces of garnet jewelry are studded with tiny red stones that do look a lot like a cluster of pomegranate seeds!

Garnet A different Gemstone

CC BY-NC by Mitch Donavan

The Garnet group of minerals has 20 different species. The most commonly recognized are Pyrope, Almandite, Spessartite, Grossular and Andradite. The chemical formula for Garnet is complex with all species having a slightly different combination of elements. During crystallization some elements interchange to form a mixed Garnet consisting of two or more different species. Pyrope-Almandite, Almandite-Spessartite and Pyrope-Spessartite are examples of these types of intergrowth. Garnets have a hardness of 6.5-7.5 and are excellent choices for jewelry. Garnet crystals form in the cubic system, typically as a 12-sided crystal or dodecahedron. They are available in all colors except pure Blue. One problem with some types of garnets comes from their deeply saturated color. In many types of garnet, especially Pyrope and some Almandines, gems cut into large sizes will be too dark to reflect light and the stones will appear black. It is important to consider this fact when buying larger deep colored garnets. In general, garnets are not treated to change their color, in the way that many other gems are. Here is a brief description of a few of the better-known gem varieties of garnet gems:

Almandine

Almandine is perhaps the most common of the garnet family, and is the deep red to red-brown stone most often thought of when people think of garnet. It is an inexpensive stone, but new mines in east Africa are producing Almandine in more desirable red to red-orange colors which have no brown undertones. The major sources of Almandine are Madagascar, India and Sri Lanka. Almandines are sometimes available in large sizes, and most garnet sculptures are done in Almandine. Entire cups or vases have been made from single crystals. Because of its depth of color and saturation, some faceted gems cut too large from this deeply colored material will not sparkle because they are too dark to reflect the light.

Rhodolite

Rhodolite is the name used to describe the lovely pinkish, purplish or lavender Red Garnets which are a mixture of Almandite and Pyrope. This name was first used in the late 1800’s to describe the new rhododendron shade of Garnets discovered in North Carolina. In general, Rhodolite Garnets are not as dark as the common Pyrope or Almandine Garnets. Most Rhodolites seen today are African in origin and are bright, transparent Gems. These are probably the most popular garnet seen in fine jewelry today. Common shades of Rhodolite include Red stones, purplish Red and the popular Raspberry Rhodolite, a rich red-Purple with bright Lavender highlights. Rhodolite garnet is mined in Africa, India, and Sri Lanka. Brazil is producing a dark purplish Rhodolite, sometimes called grape garnet, because of its similarity in color to concord grape jam.

Tsavorite

Garnet Jewelry

CC BY-NC-ND by rockman836

Tsavorite is the most desirable of all garnets, with a wonderful purity and intensity of its beautiful green color. Until Tsavorite was discovered in the late 1960’s there was no other gemstone but emerald that could offer the gem buyer such a rich, dark green color. This magnificent green garnet has been in great demand for jewelry since its discovery, and for good reasons: it is harder than emerald, more durable in jewelry, less included than emerald, more brilliant when faceted, and is much rarer than emerald. In short, it is (by all counts) a better gemstone, but it lacks the magic and the antiquity of the name “emerald”. For this reason it is known to far fewer people, is in much lower demand, and is therefore much less expensive than emerald of comparable color. Even so, because of its beauty, Tsavorite is the most expensive of the garnet family. It is actually a form of Grossular, colored green by the presence of trace amounts of the metal vanadium.

Tsavorite was first unearthed in Tanzania and Kenya; the name “Tsavorite” is actually a trade name created by Tiffany and Co., in reference to the Tsavo National Park in Kenya (located near the Tsavorite locality). The geology of Tsavorite is such that the supply is extremely sporadic. The heat and folding of the rock hundreds of millions of years ago which formed Tsavorite also shattered most of the crystals. It is very rare to find Tsavorite in sizes larger than five carats, and most faceted stones are below two carats. Many deposits of Tsavorite are small and unpredictable: seams suddenly narrow and disappear, giving no indication where to look next. Most of the rough is highly shattered in place (due to earth movements over the centuries), which accounts for the great rarity of large, clean stones.

There have been perhaps 40 different areas where Tsavorite has been mined but only four mining ventures are still producing in commercial quantities. The Scorpion Mine in southeast Kenya is now producing from tunnels sunk on an incline for more than 200 feet. The other major producer in this area has a large open-cast operation to a depth of 40 feet which has yielded a considerable quantity of Tsavorite. Unfortunately, the owners are unable to continue mining by this method and are beginning to introduce underground mining. Recently, a new Tsavorite-producing area was discovered in Lokirima, about a thousand kilometers northwest of the previously known localities. Although this locality is only producing a small quantity, it is promising that the possibility of finding Tsavorite exists over a wider area than previously thought.

Tsavorite garnet has more than tripled in price since its introduction to the marketplace, but at current price levels it still sells at a tenth or less of the price of emerald of comparable quality. Stones over 2 carats are extremely rare, and 5+ carat gems of fine color are virtual museum pieces.

For photos and more information on the varieties of garnet described here as well as other garnet gems, see the author�s website at: http://nevada-outback-gems.com/Encyclopedia_pages/GARNET.HTM

The author has an entire set of web pages which are devoted to providing information about the world of gemstones. His gemstone information Encyclopedia page can be seen at: http://nevada-outback-gems.com/Encyclopedia_pages/Gemstone_Encyclopedia.htm

Chris Ralph writes on small scale mining and prospecting for the ICMJ Mining Journal. He is a rock hound and prospector and owns his own turquoise mines in Nevada. His website on gemstones and jewelry can be viewed at: http://nevada-outback-gems.com

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What Are Gemstones?

What Are Gemstones?

What Are Gemstones?
By Clint King

The word natural gemstone could mean a variety of things. I have seen fossilized marine life called a gemstone. A plain rock of copper and iron with pretty colors could also be considered a gemstone. As we can see, it is difficult to have any objective consensus of what exactly is a gemstone.

In this article, I will attempt to give the reader an objective identity of just what a gemstone is.

Again the question, how do you identify a gemstone. Definitions can vary as I have already mentioned. But most real gemstones have very strict guidelines on what qualities a stone must have to qualify within the meaning of “gemstone”. For instance, most gemstones require a hardness factor of at least 7 on the “Mohs Scale”. They must be somewhat transparent. The higher the light refraction, the better. The stone must have a luster. It must be a mineral. Finally, it needs to be rare enough to have a high monetary value. Sometimes this can include limited organic material. An example would be, “amber”.

Another way of asking the question, “What are Natural Gems?”. Some have defined a gem as a mineral that has been enhanced in some manner, which usually includes cutting, polishing, and/or altering it’s original shape. As I mentioned earlier the majority of natural gemstones are rare minerals which have crystallized deep in the earth’s crust over millions of years. When these minerals are cut and polished they have an exclusive beauty & durability and then qualify for the term “gemstone”. An example of mineral gemstones would most commonly include, rubies, emeralds and sapphires.

Gemstones have been around since ancient times. Humans have been gathering materials, both natural and artificial, and setting what commonly would be called, “rocks” in jewelry and other precious objects. But over the centuries, the term “gemstone” has become universally recognized to mean a naturally occurring mineral that upon altering it’s shape, cutting and polishing becomes very desirable for it’s beauty, value in it’s rarity and durable enough to provide lasting pleasure.

But to answer the question, “What is a Gemstone?”, we have to remember they are minerals that formed in a variety of environments deep within the earth. They have a definite chemical composition & have an ordered atomic arrangement that makes their physical and optical properties constant. These properties, like density and refraction, must be able to be measured accurately to be used as a way to identify a mineral as a gemstone.

This article wouldn’t be complete without mentioning the queen of gems, the “Diamond”. It is unique among gems by being composed of a single chemical element “carbon”, and like all gemstones comes from deep within the earth, formed over millions of years by heat and pressure. If it weren’t for volcanic eruptions, these rarest of gemstones would never have been brought to the surface of the earth.

Basically to answer our question, “What are Gemstones?”. It has been said that a gemstone involves the study of mineralogical fundamentals such as formations, genesis physical properties, structural crystallographic, chemical and physical characteristics. In plain language, most of us would agree that a gemstone is prized for it’s great beauty & perfection. Appearance is almost the most important attribute of gemstones. When we look at a gemstone, we are drawn to the brilliance, luster, fire and the clarity or deepness of color in our determination of the beauty in a gemstone.

From reading this article, you can see the exact definition for a gemstone can be a major challenge, but in the end a gemstone is any precious or semi-precious stone used for jewelry or adornment.

Clint King writes articles based on questions asked of him from various websites he manages. This request came from the auction website: http://affordablegemsandjewelry.com/guides-to-gemstones.html where numerous gems and jewelry are sold on auction.

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Tiger’s Eye Healing Properties

Tiger’s Eye Healing Properties

The Benefits of Wearing Tiger’s Eye Crystal

By Sylvia Blach

For those who believe there are healing powers, and a source of energy that lie in quartz and other stones the Tiger Eye crystal is a must have. You can purchase the Tiger’s Eye crystal in many different forms of jewelry including bracelets, pendants, and necklaces. Whether you choose to purchase them for yourself or to give as a gift it’s money well spent.

By wearing the this crystal helps clear your mind of any annoying thoughts or stress. It’s recommended that you carry it with you everywhere including when you drive to help keep yourself safe from any harm that may come your way. Also its power has the ability to attract wealth, good luck, keep away evil, and protect one’s family and friends.

tiger's eyeThe benefits and healing power that the Tiger Eye crystal offers is appreciated and respected by all those who wear it. The crystal encourages a passion for life and enhances your willpower and drives your will for success. It promotes not only clarity of intention, boosts self esteem, and gives courage, determination, and strength. These are all qualities that are needed in life to give individuals the happy, healthy life.

Places such as Africa use the stone to ward off what’s known as black magic. This is the mixture of evil spirits, evil doing, negative influences, and bad travel vibes. Those who believe that curses exist often keep the Tiger’s Eye crystal close by.

The Tiger Eye can be cleansed before ever sending it to someone as a gift or shipping it to a new location. This will help to prevent it from carrying negative energies along with it. To cleanse it, the crystal should be kept in salt water overnight as a way to recharge its energy. Once it has been taken out of the salt water it should then be washed in fresh water and placed in the sun for 2-3 hours. This process should be done every 3 months at least. This allows the user to find their inner strength and light. The crystal should be protected from sharp blows or scratches so make sure to keep it in a safe place when it’s not being worn or used.

The Tiger Eye’s crystal often comes in a variety of shapes and is worn more often in beads or pendants than other pieces of jewelry. The Tiger’s Eye crystal often consists of golden brown and yellow stripes which gives it its unique appeal. It’s also referred to as the African cat’s eye or crocidolite cat’s-eye. It resembles that of a real tigers eye and received its name due to this.

Many individuals of the Zodiac sign regardless of age or sex benefit from the Tiger Eye crystal. It often helps to lessen or use in the healing process of several diseases including rheumatic, heart disease, psoriasis, and asthma. For those looking for the perfect gift this is one that can be given out of love, and devotion to another. For those who understand the meaning behind the Tiger’s Eye crystal, the present will be received with dignity and respect.

Visit Feng Shui shop [http://www.fengshui-tips.net] for more information on Feng Shui products [http://www.fengshui-tips.net] and tips.

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Garnet – The Many Colored Gemstone

Garnet – The Many Colored Gemstone

Garnet – Its Not Just Red, It’s A Many-Colored Gem
By Chris Ralph

Most people think of a dark red colored gemstone when they think of garnet, but garnet is actually a whole series of different gems. Beyond the well-known deep reds, garnet can be purchased in cinnamon to tangerine shades orange, light yellows, deep purple, grass greens and soft lavender-pink. Garnet is all these colors and many more. Garnets are actually a closely related group of different gemstones that are available in nearly every color. There are garnets that change color in different light, translucent green garnets that look like jade and garnets with stars. Some kinds of garnets have been mined for thousands of years and some garnet varieties were just discovered in the few last decades. Garnets are fairly hard and durable gemstones that are ideal for jewelry use, except for demantoid, which is a bit softer and requires more protection. Because some garnets are inexpensive and have been used in the past for cheap jewelry, garnet is the gemstone which just doesn’t seem to get the “respect” it is due. This is rapidly changing in light of the many new varieties of stunning colors now available in Garnet gems.

Garnets have been used as ornamentation for more than 5,000 years. Garnet beads have been found in Egyptian excavations dating back to 3200 B.C. The breastplate of Aaron, which was worn around 2,000 B.C., is said to have contained a Garnet. The Asians in the 4th century B.C. used Garnets in creating their seals. Frequently Garnets were carved into cameos and intaglios and worn in rings. Carbuncle is an old term which typically referred to a Cabochon Garnet. The back of the Cab was hollowed out to create a brighter Garnet and make it more transparent. The ancient world is full of praise for the carbuncle, the glowing red coal of a gemstone we now know as garnet. The name garnet probably comes from pomegranate. Many ancient pieces of garnet jewelry are studded with tiny red stones that do look a lot like a cluster of pomegranate seeds!

The Garnet group of minerals has 20 different species. The most commonly recognized are Pyrope, Almandite, Spessartite, Grossular and Andradite. The chemical formula for Garnet is complex with all species having a slightly different combination of elements. During crystallization some elements interchange to form a mixed Garnet consisting of two or more different species. Pyrope-Almandite, Almandite-Spessartite and Pyrope-Spessartite are examples of these types of intergrowth. Garnets have a hardness of 6.5-7.5 and are excellent choices for jewelry. Garnet crystals form in the cubic system, typically as a 12-sided crystal or dodecahedron. They are available in all colors except pure Blue. One problem with some types of garnets comes from their deeply saturated color. In many types of garnet, especially Pyrope and some Almandines, gems cut into large sizes will be too dark to reflect light and the stones will appear black. It is important to consider this fact when buying larger deep colored garnets. In general, garnets are not treated to change their color, in the way that many other gems are. Here is a brief description of a few of the better-known gem varieties of garnet gems:

Almandine

Almandine is perhaps the most common of the garnet family, and is the deep red to red-brown stone most often thought of when people think of garnet. It is an inexpensive stone, but new mines in east Africa are producing Almandine in more desirable red to red-orange colors which have no brown undertones. The major sources of Almandine are Madagascar, India and Sri Lanka. Almandines are sometimes available in large sizes, and most garnet sculptures are done in Almandine. Entire cups or vases have been made from single crystals. Because of its depth of color and saturation, some faceted gems cut too large from this deeply colored material will not sparkle because they are too dark to reflect the light.

Rhodolite

Rhodolite

CC BY-ND by Fauxlaroid

Rhodolite is the name used to describe the lovely pinkish, purplish or lavender Red Garnets which are a mixture of Almandite and Pyrope. This name was first used in the late 1800’s to describe the new rhododendron shade of Garnets discovered in North Carolina. In general, Rhodolite Garnets are not as dark as the common Pyrope or Almandine Garnets. Most Rhodolites seen today are African in origin and are bright, transparent Gems. These are probably the most popular garnet seen in fine jewelry today. Common shades of Rhodolite include Red stones, purplish Red and the popular Raspberry Rhodolite, a rich red-Purple with bright Lavender highlights. Rhodolite garnet is mined in Africa, India, and Sri Lanka. Brazil is producing a dark purplish Rhodolite, sometimes called grape garnet, because of its similarity in color to concord grape jam.

Tsavorite

Tsavorite is the most desirable of all garnets, with a wonderful purity and intensity of its beautiful green color. Until Tsavorite was discovered in the late 1960’s there was no other gemstone but emerald that could offer the gem buyer such a rich, dark green color. This magnificent green garnet has been in great demand for jewelry since its discovery, and for good reasons: it is harder than emerald, more durable in jewelry, less included than emerald, more brilliant when faceted, and is much rarer than emerald. In short, it is (by all counts) a better gemstone, but it lacks the magic and the antiquity of the name “emerald”. For this reason it is known to far fewer people, is in much lower demand, and is therefore much less expensive than emerald of comparable color. Even so, because of its beauty, Tsavorite is the most expensive of the garnet family. It is actually a form of Grossular, colored green by the presence of trace amounts of the metal vanadium.

Tsavorite was first unearthed in Tanzania and Kenya; the name “Tsavorite” is actually a trade name created by Tiffany and Co., in reference to the Tsavo National Park in Kenya (located near the Tsavorite locality). The geology of Tsavorite is such that the supply is extremely sporadic. The heat and folding of the rock hundreds of millions of years ago which formed Tsavorite also shattered most of the crystals. It is very rare to find Tsavorite in sizes larger than five carats, and most faceted stones are below two carats. Many deposits of Tsavorite are small and unpredictable: seams suddenly narrow and disappear, giving no indication where to look next. Most of the rough is highly shattered in place (due to earth movements over the centuries), which accounts for the great rarity of large, clean stones.

There have been perhaps 40 different areas where Tsavorite has been mined but only four mining ventures are still producing in commercial quantities. The Scorpion Mine in southeast Kenya is now producing from tunnels sunk on an incline for more than 200 feet. The other major producer in this area has a large open-cast operation to a depth of 40 feet which has yielded a considerable quantity of Tsavorite. Unfortunately, the owners are unable to continue mining by this method and are beginning to introduce underground mining. Recently, a new Tsavorite-producing area was discovered in Lokirima, about a thousand kilometers northwest of the previously known localities. Although this locality is only producing a small quantity, it is promising that the possibility of finding Tsavorite exists over a wider area than previously thought.

Tsavorite garnet has more than tripled in price since its introduction to the marketplace, but at current price levels it still sells at a tenth or less of the price of emerald of comparable quality. Stones over 2 carats are extremely rare, and 5+ carat gems of fine color are virtual museum pieces.

For photos and more information on the varieties of garnet described here as well as other garnet gems, see the author’s website at: http://nevada-outback-gems.com/Encyclopedia_pages/GARNET.HTM

The author has an entire set of web pages which are devoted to providing information about the world of gemstones. His gemstone information Encyclopedia page can be seen at: http://nevada-outback-gems.com/Encyclopedia_pages/Gemstone_Encyclopedia.htm

Chris Ralph writes on small scale mining and prospecting for the ICMJ Mining Journal. He is a rock hound and prospector and owns his own turquoise mines in Nevada. His website on gemstones and jewelry can be viewed at: http://nevada-outback-gems.com

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Gemstones Introduction

Gemstones Introduction

Gemstones — An Introduction For You To Make An Informed Choice

By Rose Mary

Gemstones are mineral crystals or organic materials that have been cut and polished into beautiful items by skilled craftsmen. The minerals are naturally formed, solid, inorganic chemical compounds found in rocks. Each mineral has a fixed chemical composition and regular atomic structure, which gives it the specific hardness and color it possesses. Many natural crystals are attractive enough to be displayed. However, most of these crystals are faceted and polished to enhance their appearance.

GemstonesFew gems, which are called organics, come from plants and animals. These gems include ivory, amber and pearl. There is a category of gemstones known as synthetics. They do not have any natural origin and are produce in laboratories. These artificial gems are cut to resemble the real ones. They have the same physical properties and chemical composition with natural gemstones. Gemstones are, typically, measured by their weight in carats.

To be considered a gemstone, it has to be rare, beautiful and durable. Gemstones, in its natural crystalline form, are rare, which means that they could only be found in certain parts of the world. Their scarcity makes them valuable in the market. The color of the minerals must be attractive, so that the gemstones will appear beautiful. Gemstones must be durable, which means that they should be hard enough to withstand scratches and damage.

The most valuable characteristic of gemstones is the color. Colorful gemstones such as emeralds, rubies and sapphires are highly priced. Diamonds, though colorless, are made beautiful and brilliant by skillful forms of cutting. White light is made up of a combination of the spectrum of colors. When white light falls on a gemstone, some of the colors are absorbed while the rest are reflected back. Those colors that are reflected are what we see as color of the gemstone. As each mineral interacts with light differently, a wide variety of colors of gemstones is produced.

Gemstones - emeraldsThe physical properties of gemstones are their hardness, their specific gravity, and the way they break. These properties depend largely on the atomic structure and the chemical bonding of the stone. The hardness of a gemstone is measured by how well it resists scratching. The specific gravity or density of a gemstone is derived by assessing its weight base on the weight of an equal volume of water. Gemstones can break in two ways, either by cleaving or fracture. The way they break depends on the atomic structure of the stone. Gemstones that cleave will break along the planes of weak atomic bonding. Those that fracture will break along a surface which has no relation to its atomic structure.

Gem cutting is a form of art which is done to produce finely cut faceted gems. This art contributes to the beauty of the gemstone and its value. There has been much progress made in gem cutting and polishing methods. These improved methods, coupled with an increased knowledge of the way gemstones responds to light, have resulted in marked improvements made on the appearance of gemstones.

Gemologists are fascinated by gemstones. They study each gemstone in-depth, both in its natural state and after it has been cut and polished. Gemologists are able identify every individual gemstone, as well as distinguish between a natural stone and a fake one.

Since early times, gemstones are considered precious and are well sought after. In the past, they were known to represent wealth and power. They are used not only as jewels to decorate crowns and robes but also as amulets, talisman and charms. Nowadays, gemstones are not only for the wealthy, but rather they are appreciated by anyone who finds them beautiful and charming. Gemstones are commonly used to make creative jewelry pieces which are widely worn as accessories for personal adornment. Gemstones are highly treasured by people from all walks of life because of their unfading beauty with time. Being captivated by the timeless beauty of gemstones, most people desire to possess them. Hence, some people buy gemstones for collection purposes, while others buy gemstone jewelry for personal adornment or as gifts for friends. Gems that represent birthstones are commonly used as birthday presents. Due to the wide variety of gemstone jewelry items available in the market, there are plenty of gift ideas to choose from.

More information on gemstone and jewelry can be found at: [http://www.internetbizcenter.com/gemstone/index.htm]

—————————–

Freelance Writer in various topics.

Please visit [http://www.internetbizcenter.com/gemstone/index.htm] for more information on Gemstones.

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